Compound leaves of Fenugreek are light green in color. Plants are rigid of annual herb, with pungent smell, yellow flowers and sharp pods. Its height is about 30 to 80 cm. Seeds are of brown color with pungent smell. It contains alkaloids trigonelline and choline. It contains rigid and volatile oil, mucilage. It contains bitter extract and also yellow color stuff. Seeds are dried in air and contains some amount of trigonelline and nicotine acid.
Moisture content of this Fenugreek leaves are about 86.1%, Fat 0.9%, protein 4.4%, Minerals 1.5%, carbohydrate 6% per 100 grams of edible portion and fiber 1.1%. It also contains minerals and vitamins iron, calcium, phosphorous, thiamine, carotene, riboflavin, vitamin C and niacin. Seeds of Fenugreek contain protein 26.2 percent, moisture 13.7 percent, fat 5.8 percent, fiber 7.2 percent, carbohydrates 44.1 percent per 100 grams and minerals 3.0 percent. Calcium, thiamine, carotene, phosphorous, riboflavin and niacin are mineral and vitamin contents in it. Large number of alkaloids can also be found in it. Trigonella foenum gracecum is a plant from which Fenugreek oil as waxy liquid can be obtained by pressing the seeds. It is rich in trigonelline, phytic acid, and saponins and widely used in Asia and Mediterranean region. Fenugreek leaves are fragrant, has cooling and laxative effect. It can also be mixed with Sandalwood oil.
Botanical Name - Trigonella Foenum-Graecum